Appalachian Trail Histories

Lewis Mountain Negro Area, Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah National Park opened in 1935 as one of the first National Parks in the American South and following local custom, was segregated. The decision to segregate the park's facilities was controversial. The park remained segregated until 1950.

Lewis Mountain Negro Area.jpg

Memorandum from Arthur E. Demaray, Associate Director National Park Service to Director National Park Service (presumably Arno B. Cammerer) with regards to segregation in Shenandoah National Park


Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior. Ickes ordered the desegregation of facilities at Shenandoah National Park. Local park officials and Virginia Senator Byrd resisted his efforts. The Park's facilities would not be completely desegregated until 1950.

Harold Ickes portrait library of congress.jpg

Master planning document for the Appalachian Trail, adopted by the National Park Service and the U.S. Forest Service in 1981.

Collection: Legislation

An act to establish a land and water conservation fund to assist the States and Federal agencies in meeting present and future outdoor recreation demands and needs of the American people, and for other purposes.

Collection: Legislation

Report of the 1965 study commissioned by the Secretary of the Interior Morris Udall and completed by the Bureau of Outdoor Recreation (U.S. Department of the Interior). The report was a response to President Lyndon Johnson's "Natural Beauty Message" of February 8, 1965, in which he called for development and protection of a balanced system of trails—in the nation's metropolitan areas as well as in the countryside—in cooperation with State and local governments and private interests. Johnson called for such a trail system to help protect and enhance the total quality of the outdoor environment as well as to provide much needed opportunities for healthy outdoor recreation. This report helped provide a framework for the creation of the the National Trails System Act of 1968.

Collection: Legislation

Image from page 6 of "The Appalachian Trail", published by the U.S. Forest Service in 1964.